CSE Manual for Scientific Style and Format: About CSE
How to document scientific writing using the CSE Manual
Scientific papers usually contain citations or references to the relevant studies published by scientists and researchers. These references help readers to identify the sources of the cited items. It is a legal and ethical obligation of a writer to acknowledge the work of others that have been used to develop ideas and substantiate one's own findings. The knowledge of citing references properly is an essential element of good scientific writing.
Writing term and research papers require using different sources, such as books, journal articles, and information available on the Web, and these sources should be cited in your papers or reports following a standard format.
This manual has been prepared to help you learn:
How to cite primary and secondary sources of sci-tech literature in text;
How to cite electronic resources in text;
How to prepare the "Literature cited" or "References" section of a scientific paper/report.
The basic format described in this manual has been adopted from the conventions used in the CSE Style Manual. The 2006 edition of the CSE manual covers “a wide variety of disciplines in experimental and observational science, with emphasis on the physical and life sciences.” Although the CSE Style Manual provides the formats for documenting certain types of materials (e.g., books, journals, conference proceedings, theses and dissertations), it lacks the examples for citing communications from blogs, wikis and email.
Types of Formats Used in CSE
The CSE Style Manual recommends three systems of documenting citations. They are: Name and Year (N-Y),Citation-Sequence(C-S), and Citation-Name (C-N). Regardless of the documentation system you choose to use for your paper, place each citation immediately after the work or study that is mentioned in the text .
For more than fifty years, authors, editors, and publishers in the scientific community have turned to Scientific Style and Format for authoritative recommendations on all matters of writing style and citation. Developed by the Council of Science Editors (CSE), the leading professional association in science publishing, this indispensable guide encompasses all areas of the sciences. Now in its eighth edition, it has been fully revised to reflect today’s best practices in scientific publishing. Scientific Style and Format citation style has been comprehensively reorganized, and its style recommendations have been updated to align with the advice of authoritative international bodies. Also new to the eighth edition are guidelines and examples for citing online images and information graphics, podcasts and webcasts, online videos, blogs, social networking sites, and e-books. Style instructions for physics, chemistry, genetics, biological sciences, and astronomy have been adjusted to reflect developments in each field. The coverage of numbers, units, mathematical expressions, and statistics has been revised and now includes more information on managing tables, figures, and indexes. Additionally, a full discussion of plagiarism and other aspects of academic integrity is incorporated, along with a complete treatment of developments in copyright law, including Creative Commons. For the first time in its history, Scientific Style and Format will be available simultaneously in print and online at www.scientificstyleandformat.org. Online subscribers will receive access to full-text searches of the new edition and other online tools, as well as the popular Chicago Manual of Style Online Forum, a community discussion board for editors and authors. Whether online or in print, the eighth edition of Scientific Style and Format remains the essential resource for those writing, editing, and publishing in the scientific community.