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Health Disparities & Health Equity

Journals & Publications

Selected Peer Reviewed Journals:

Selected Publications:

Achieving Racial and Ethnic Equity in U.S. Health Care (2021) This report from The Commonwealth Fund evaluates health equity across race and ethnicity, both within and between states, to illuminate how state health systems perform for Black, white, Latinx/Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Natives (AIAN), and Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AANHPI) populations

Radley, DC, Baumgartner, JC,  Collins, SR, Zephyrin, L, Schneider, EC (November 18, 2021). Achieving racial and ethnic equity in U.S. health care. The Commonwealth Fund.

Advancing Health Equity: A Guide to Language, Narrative and Concepts 2021 Designed for physicians and other health care professionals, this publication provides guidance and promotes a deeper understanding of equity-focused, person-first language and why it matters. The AAMC Center for Health Justice and the American Medical Association co-developed this comprehensive health equity communication guide to support physicians’ conversations with patients. Contains a glossary of key terms.

American Medical Association. (2021). Advancing health equity: A guide to language, narrative and concepts 2021. American Medical Association, AAMC Center for Health Justice.

Beyond Health Care: The Role of Social Determinants in Promoting Health and Health Equity Social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age that shape health. This brief from the Kaiser Family Foundation an overview of social determinants of health and emerging initiatives to address them.

Artiga, S. Hinton, E. (2018). Beyond health care: The role of social determinants in promoting health and health equity. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved July 20, 2022, from

Cancer Stat Facts: Cancer Disparities In the United States, certain population groups suffer more from cancer and its effects.

NCI Surveillance Research Program (SRP). (n.d.) Cancer Disparities: Cancer Stat Facts. Retrieved July 21, 2022, from

National Cancer Institute. (n.d.). Cancer Disparities . Retrieved July 21, 2022, from

Cultural Competence in Health and Human Services An overview of cultural competence and health disparities from the CDC National Prevention Information Network.

CDC National Prevention Information Network. (n.d.). Cultural competence in health and human services. CDC, NPIN. Retrieved July 20, 2022, from

Disparities in Health and Health Care: 5 Key Questions and Answers An overview of the economic and social factors that contribute to health disparities from the Kaiser Family Foundation.

Ndugga, N., & Artiga, S. 2021). Disparities in Health and Health Care: 5 Key Questions and Answers. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved July 21, 2022, from

Effects of the ACA Medicaid Expansion on Racial Disparities in Health and Health Care (2020) The Affordable Care Act (ACA) coverage expansions, including the Medicaid expansion to low-income adults, provide an opportunity to reduce disparities in coverage, which research suggests may contribute to reductions in disparities access to care and health outcomes.

Madeline Guth, M., Artiga, S., Pham, O. (September 30, 2020). Effects of the ACA Medicaid Expansion on Racial Disparities in Health and Health Care . Kaiser Family Foundation 

Health Equity Guiding Principles for Inclusive Communication From CDC. Emphasizes the importance of addressing all people inclusively and respectfully. These principles are intended to help public health professionals, particularly health communicators, within and outside of CDC ensure their communication products and strategies adapt to the specific cultural, linguistic, environmental, and historical situation of each population or audience of focus.

CDC. (n.d). Health equity guiding principles for inclusive communication | Gateway to Health Communication. Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved July 20, 2022, from

HRSA Health Equity Report 2019-2020 A comprehensive analysis of Health Resources and Services Administration program efforts in reducing health disparities and promoting health equity for various populations at the national, state, and local levels. Includes a special feature on housing and health inequalities in the United States, and shows the impact of housing status and housing conditions on population health and health equity.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Office of Health Equity. (2020). Health equity report 2019-2020: Special feature on housing and health inequalities. 2020.

Improving Cultural Competence to Reduce Health Disparities A report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Butler, M., McCreedy, E., Schwer, N., Burgess, D., Call, K., Przedworski, J., Rosser, S., Larson, S., Allen, M., Fu, S., & Kane, R. L. (2016). Improving Cultural Competence to Reduce Health Disparities. (Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 170). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Life Expectancy by County, Race, and Ethnicity in the USA, 2000–2019: A Systematic Analysis of Health Disparities (2022). This NIH-funded study analysis estimated life expectancy for five racial–ethnic groups, in 3110 US counties over 20 years, to describe spatial–temporal variations in life expectancy and disparities between racial–ethnic groups. This is the first U.S.-wide time-series analysis of life expectancy at the county level that includes estimates for the American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) and Asian populations as well as white, Black, and Latino/Hispanic populations. The analysis reveals that despite overall life expectancy gains of 2.3 years (from 76.8 years in 2000 to 79.1 years in 2019) during the 20-year study period (2000–2019), disparities among racial and ethnic groups remain, with Black populations still experiencing shorter life expectancy than White populations.

Dwyer-Lindgren, Kendrick, P., Kelly, Y. O., Sylte, D. O., Schmidt, C., Blacker, B. F., Daoud, F., Abdi, A. A., Baumann, M., Mouhanna, F., Kahn, E., Hay, S. I., Mensah, G. A., Nápoles, A.,M., Pérez-Stable, E.,J., Shiels, M., Freedman, N., Arias, E., George, S. A., . . . Mokdad, A. H.(2022). Life expectancy by county, race, and ethnicity in the USA, 2000–19: a systematic analysis of health disparities. The Lancet, 10.1016/S0140-6736(22)00876-5

Promoting Health Equity: A Resource to Help Communities Address Social Determinants of Health A resource for for public health practitioners and partners interested in addressing social determinants of health in order to promote health and achieve health equity..

Brennan Ramirez LK, Baker EA, Metzler M(2008). Promoting health equity: A resource to help communities address social determinants of health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention..