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Art Research & Resources

Prof. Muratov's Research Project Guidelines

General Guidelines for the Research Project


Here is some basic information that your presentation should contain (feel free to add whatever you think would be suitable)


  • Be sure to start collecting the information about you research subject (monument) as early as possible


  • Start collecting the images of your monument(s) as well as other relevant images


  • When you obtain the VERY BASIC information about your monument – do meet with me for a discussion



BASIC INFORMATION for presentation:


Name of Artifact


Artist (if known; otherwise you can discuss what is known about this general category of artists/artisans that presumably made this object)


Date (how is that particular date is determined: contextually; stylistically, etc.)


Location (where is it located geographically)


Material(s) (what it was made of and how)






  • Technical Aspects (how was it made; what media and techniques were employed)


  • Iconography
    • Who/what it represents?
    • How does it represent what it represents – what elements of visual language are employed to convey particular message(s)?
    • Be sure to ask ‘why’ all the time




  • Levels of Meaning
    • Why was the monument built? What was/is its function?
    • Why was it built/made the way it was? Where does it belong stylistically?
    • How does this work fit into the oeuvre of a particular artist (if the artist is known)? How does this work fit into the works produced at the time? (Is it typical of the artist/time period/geographical area?)
    • How and why did it change overtime? Did it? If yes, why? If no, why?
    • How was it understood when it was first made?
    • How was it interpreted/understood in subsequent times?
    • Were there any particular reasons for making it the way it was made?
    • Is there any symbolism in the representation? What is it?
    • How people contemporary to the object would have understood it? What message(s) would it convey to them?
    • How do people understand it/interpret it nowadays? What message(s) does it convey to people nowadays?
    • Can the elements of any kind of propaganda be detected? (political, social, religious, historical, etc.)


Setting Where and how is the monument placed/displayed?

Where is it located and what is it surrounded by? How is it related to its surroundings? Do the surroundings/location add any additional meaning/understanding to the possible interpretation/messages of the monument?


Patronage Who and why commissioned this monument? Was it a public or private commission? Are there any implications of the patronage?




Bibliography (list of books and articles used in research)

(We will discuss what an annotated bibliography is)