Things to Consider
When to use the P.I.C.O. model...
Background questions concern general knowledge. These types of questions generally have only 2 parts:
Often these questions can best be answered by using a textbook or consulting a clinical database.
Foreground questions are specific knowledge questions.
These are the questions that generally require a search of the primary medical literature and that are best suited to the PICO format.
P - Patient or Population
I - Intervention
C - Comparison (if any)
O - Outcome
*Shlonsky & Gibbs, 2004, call this COPES searching, Client-Oriented Practical Evidence Searching
Finding EBP Articles to Answer PICO Questions
To find evidence based research articles and to answer clinical questions in the PICO format (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) you can use the following limiters: