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Sexual Harassment Awareness and Prevention

A guide to information and resources about sexual harassment and sexual violence

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Welcome

Welcome to the Sexual Harassment Awareness and  Prevention research guide. This guide is for anyone in the Adelphi community looking for information on sexual harassment and/or sexual violence. It provides resources for conducting scholarly research on the topic as as well as links to Adelphi University, local, state, and national resources for awareness and prevention of sexual harassment and sexual violence. It also includes links for reporting and support for anyone who has experienced sexual harassment/sexual violence, sex-based discrimination or retaliation.

Sexual Harassment, Sexual Violence and Gender-Based Harassment Definitions

From the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission:

 

Sexual Harassment

It is unlawful to harass a person (an applicant or employee) because of that person's sex. Harassment can include "sexual harassment" or unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature.

Harassment does not have to be of a sexual nature, however, and can include offensive remarks about a person's sex. For example, it is illegal to harass a woman by making offensive comments about women in general.

Both victim and the harasser can be either a woman or a man, and the victim and harasser can be the same sex.

Although the law doesn't prohibit simple teasing, offhand comments, or isolated incidents that are not very serious, harassment is illegal when it is so frequent or severe that it creates a hostile or offensive work environment or when it results in an adverse employment decision (such as the victim being fired or demoted).

The harasser can be the victim's supervisor, a supervisor in another area, a co-worker, or someone who is not an employee of the employer, such as a client or customer.

Source: EEOC 

From the U. S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights:

Sex-Based Harassment

Sex-based harassment can take multiple forms. Harassers can be students, school staff, or even someone visiting the school, such as a student or employee from another school. Sexual harassment (including sexual violence) and gender-based harassment are forms of sex-based harassment addressed on this page.

What is Sexual Harassment?

Sexual harassment is unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature. It includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature.

What is Sexual Violence?

Sexual violence is a form of sexual harassment. Sexual violence, as OCR uses the term, refers to physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving consent (e.g., due to the student’s age or use of drugs or alcohol, or because an intellectual or other disability prevents the student from having the capacity to give consent). A number of different acts fall into the category of sexual violence, including rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, sexual abuse, and sexual coercion.

What is Gender-Based Harassment?

Gender-based harassment is unwelcome conduct based on a student’s actual or perceived sex. It includes slurs, taunts, stereotypes, or name-calling, as well as gender-motivated physical threats, attacks, or other hateful conduct.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Education Office for Civil Rights