The Newbery Medal was named for eighteenth-century British bookseller John Newbery (1713 - 1767). He was the first person to write books specifically for children. As a boy, he had a great love of reading and followed a career that would reinforce his appreciation for books.
The Batchelder Award is named after Mildred Batchelder (1901 - 1998) and is given to the most outstanding children’s book originally published in a language other than English in a country other than the United States, and subsequently translated into English for publication in the United States. She advocated for the advancement of children's services and brought the best of materials and services to millions of young people.
The Pura Belpre Award is named after Pura Belpré (1889-1982), the first Latina librarian at the New York Public Library. Established in 1996, it is presented every year to a Latino/Latina writer and illustrator whose work "best portrays, affirms, and celebrates the Latino cultural experience in an outstanding work of literature for children and youth". ALA
The Caldecott Medal was named in honor of nineteenth-century English illustrator Randolph Caldecott. " It is awarded annually by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association, to the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children." ALA
The Andrew Carnegie Medal honors the most outstanding video productions for children released during the previous year. The award is supported by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, was awarded for the first time in 1991 .
The Geisel Award is named after Theodor Seuss Geisel (1904-1991) was an American writer and illustrator best known for authoring popular children's books under the pen name Dr. Seuss. The award "is given annually to the author(s) and illustrator(s) of the most distinguished American book for beginning readers published in English in the United States during the preceding year" . ALA
The Odyssey Award is given annually to the producer of the best audiobook produced for children and/or young adults, available in English in the United States. It was named after Homer's epic poem, The Odyssey, which was originally told and retold in the oral tradition.
The Sibert Informational Book Medal is awarded annually to the author(s) and illustrator(s) of the most distinguished informational book published in the United States in English during the preceding year. The award is named in honor of Robert F. Sibert, the long-time President of Bound to Stay Bound Books, Inc. of Jacksonville, Illinois. ALSC administers the award. ALA
The Wilder Award honors an author or illustrator whose books, published in the United States, have made, over a period of years, a substantial and lasting contribution to literature for children. The award is named after Laura Ingalls Wilder who was an American writer known for the Little House on the Prairie series of children's novels based on her childhood in a settler family.