Nonverbal Learning Disabilities
Neurologically based problems with visual-spatial, intuitive, organizational, & evaluative processing.
NLDs can be tricky to recognize and diagnose. Children with this disorder are unable to recognize and translate nonverbal cues, such as facial expressions or tone of voice, into meaningful information. Because of this, these children are sometimes mislabeled as emotionally disturbed because of their inappropriate responses to nonverbal stimuli. It is a developmental disability which all too often goes undiagnosed. Their can be confusion between NVLDs and ASDs (Autism Spectrum Disorders).
Individuals with this potentially debilitating disorder generally suffer in silence. The term "nonverbal" learning disability can be misleading. The individuals are highly verbal, with their area of deficit being in the nonverbal domains. They are often bright, sometimes incredibly so. As young children they may be targeted as "gifted" due to their mature vocabulary, rote memory skills, and apparent reading ability. However, parents likely realize early on that something is amiss. As preschoolers, they have difficulty interacting with other children, with acquiring self-help skills, are not physically adept, are not adaptable, and present a host of other troublesome problems. As the child progresses through school, the academic work becomes more difficult, as much as the material is given in lecture form.
These students need a highly developed IEP. Effective remedial methods include direct verbal training in planning, organizing studying, written expression, social cognition, and interpersonal communication. Essentially--almost everything!
From NLD OntheWeb & LDOnline